As of 2011, Austria's population totals roughly 8.4 million people. Population growth in recent years can be attributed both to relatively high birth rates in several Federal Provinces (Vorarlberg, Tyrol, Upper Austria) and to immigration. However, immigration has declined in recent years. The percentage of citizens from other EU Member States who move to Austria (especially from Italy and Germany) is higher than that of immigration from non-EU countries. 12.5% of individuals who hold Austrian citizenship have not been born in Austria. That figure is higher than in the USA, which has always been the traditional country of immigration. When comparing population growth rates between all the federal provinces, Vienna has had the highest population increase. As of 1 January 2007, the share of foreigners living in Austria was 9.95%. On average, the birth rate in Austria comes down to 1.4 children per woman.
The majority of the population speaks German, which is also the country's official language. Other local official languages are Croatian, Hungarian and Slovene. According to figures provided by Statistics Austria 2001, almost 82,000 Austrians spoke a language of one of the officially recognised ethnic minorities.
An estimated 13,000 to 40,000 Slovenes in the Austrian state of Carinthia (the Carinthian Slovenes) as well as Croats (around 30,000) and Hungarians in Burgenland were recognised as a minority and have enjoyed special rights following the Austrian State Treaty (Staatsvertrag) of 1955. The Slovenes in the Austrian state of Styria (estimated at a number between 1,600 and 5,000) are not recognised as a minority and do not enjoy special rights, although the State Treaty of 27 July 1955 states otherwise. The Ethnic Groups Act of 1976 only recognises members of indigenous (autochthonous) ethnic groups, a term that applies to Austrian citizens whose families have been living in Austria for at least three generations.
In 2006, average life expectancy was 82.7 for women and 77.1 years for men.
Österreich Werbung/ Wolfgang Zajc